"A bartender FAKE"— the name philatelic fake stamps of Germany 50 Pfennig. (1879) — made in 1882 in the town of Barmen. Used in large quantities (up to 140 thousand copies) to the detriment of mail. Mail is quite rare.

A CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY— issued by expert testimony-opinion on the authenticity, condition, restoration, etc. proposed for examination, postage stamps (stamps, entire or whole thing, etc.). Especially rare brands can be given more, and phototastic — enlarged photograph of the stamp with the signature of the expert and stamp of the expert sign.

BIG BLOCK FAIR is a charity unit that was released in Western Saxony in 1946. Repeats the souvenir sheet issued in honor of the 1st post-war Leipzig spring fair in 1946, but in a larger size (147X209 mm). Has print special postmark. Sold in a cover with a commemorative text, initially only the participants of the fair, and then everyone.

SIGN ARTIST — special notes on sign postageindicating the name of the artist — author's drawing. 3нак of the artist — the name of hudozhnika (full or abbreviated) on the sign of postal payment under the picture, symbol, conditional or hidden sign in the form of small parts of the picture — there is on postage stamps and blocks of Czechoslovakia, Poland and other countries.

ABD-EL-KURI[Abd-al-Kuri] is a small island in the Arabian sea between the Somali Peninsula and the island of Socotra, part of southern Yemen. The population of the island amount to about three hundred people living in three villages. In reality, Abd-El-Kuri belonged to South Yemen and Socotra, in addition, was the home for two years before an exiled South Yemeni dynasty who ruled the Sultanate of Mahra. At the end of 1969, the philatelic market appeared three stamps with images of aircraft "Boeing", "Tu" and "Concord" and the name of the island, released anonymous philatelic Agency, although at that time on the island was not even a post office. It was later revealed that they released in Rome by the firm "inter Philatelic" and the relationship to the island do not have. The authors were brothers Salinari posing them for non-existent issues of the Emirate on the Persian Gulf with a population of 250 thousand people. One of the "brands" even shows a map of the Emirate. Names are speculative fiction releases, and no philatelic value are not present.

ABU DHABI[Abu Dhabi] — Arab Principality on the coast of the Persian Gulf. With 02.12.1971 in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The postal service was organized in 1963. Was originally used stamps for the British post offices in Eastern Arabia, who in March 1964 replaced by own. After entry into the UAE on stamps of Abu Dhabi were made overprint (English). "UAE" used only on the territory of Abu Dhabi. From April 1973 are in circulation brands in the UAE.

Postage stamp Abu Dhabi

"ADAMS & co."company, carrying mail between Boston and new York. Founded in 1840. In 1854 issued its own stamps with denominations of 25 cents, of the different figures of the company Brand at 25 and 50 cents are also printed on the envelope domestic mail in 1853. Famous brands cutting 50 cents from envelopes, used as stamps.

ADDITIONAL CIRCULATION the issue of postage stamps by the administration runs beyond the original edition, when the printing has been completed. Systematically carried out with the exhaustion of the standard brands most running denominations, sometimes to prevent speculation in stamps. Additional circulation is resorted to in order to meet the demand of philatelists for some stamps still in circulation, but which stocks have been exhausted. Additional circulation often has some differences (the up zubtsovku, shades of color, paper) from the main circulation.

The words "2nd edition" for float field

ADDITIONAL POSTAL SERVICES. In sootvetstviya with Postal regulations these include: writing addresses on mail, filling out forms notification of receipt and accompanying documents, packaging of parcels and packages, and the like. In different countries the list may be different.

ADDITIONALLY REPAID — the inscription on the special postage stampsused for damping postagewrongly remaining repaid when you receive mail. Use in some countries (e.g. in Austria) postal agencies in the areas of mail delivery. In the USSR such postage stamps instead of a stamp quenched with ink or colored pencil (Phillips).

ADDRESS(FR. — direction) — text to mail specifying where it should be directed and to whom awarded (the recipient Address), and where and by whom it was sent (the sender Address). The Address should also include postal communication enterprises. Cm. also the Mailing address.

ADDRESS ACCOMPANYING— mail form-the form of the established sample to specify the addresses of the sender and recipient of certain categories of postal items (parcels etc.). Unlike the address sheets not glued, but attached to a forwarded mail item. In some countries, for example in the Soviet Union before 1929 to Address a cover pasted postage stamps to pay for forwarding postage. Address with accompanying printed or pasted on them by the signs of postal payment,as well as having notes of different postage stamps and stamps, recognized objects philatelic collectibles.

TARGETED LINE— item postal service clearance of postal stationery (envelopes, cards, aerogram, antitheft, etc.) — guidelines that help exactly and neatly write the address on the designated place. Sometimes equipped with indicating inscriptions: "Where", "To", "sender Address", etc. of the Address lines on envelopes and postal cards of the USSR until the early 50-ies often had explanatory and subscript text.

Address line

ADEN[Aden] — from 1839 British colony on the South of the Arabian poluostrova until 1937 part of British India. Since 1967, the people's Republic of South Yemen, in 1970, renamed the people's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY). Mail organized in 1840. From the 1860s used stamps of British India. Own brand (regular and commemorative) issued in 1937-65. 1965 used stamps of the Federation of South Arabia. From 1967 in circulation are the stamps of the people's Republic of South Yemen (since 1970 PDRY).

Postage stamp Aden

ADEN-DALI— see Dali.

ADEN-HADHRAMAUT— 1955 the name of the postal administration on stamps of the Sultanate of Mukalla Shihri.

Postage stamp Aden-hadhramaut of