Dictionary

Canceling POSTAGE is the collective name of various forms and methods of cancellation of the postage stamps and templetonia mail, taken by the mail of this country. SAP post include blanking and stamping all kinds of postal stamps and stamps, as well as special forms of damping (pencil, finger, pen, ink and others), produced by the postal workers.

BLANKING NEWSPAPER PRINTING — a method of blanking newspaper brands, is widely used in different countries (e.g. Austria, France) in the 19th century, Stamps were pasted on clean sheets of paper and quenched (sealed) typesetting simultaneously with the printing of Newspapers.

Damping of the TAX is the collective name of various forms of tax cancellation special stamp tax revenues, the labeling by hand, official seals and more. Damping of the tax indicates that the mark was used not as a sign of postal payment, and to designate paid tax. Stamps with Cancellation of the tax are not formally objects philatelic collectibles, as it is not associated with the activities, so they are included in specialized collections of research character.

Damping of the PRE — title mass way of cancellation of postage stamps in sheets, run by the postal administration before selling them to any large customers that send mail in large quantities. Stamps with Cancellation pre-pasted on the mail, do not require additional damping, which facilitates the work of postal employees. Damping is pre-stamps a special design and is most often printed. Cancellation of the provisional postage stamps prevalent in the USA, France, Belgium and other countries.

Cancellation of the provisional postage stamps of the United States, Belgium

CLEARING of the RIGHT — philatelic title character blanking the sign of postal payment. Damping correct all signs correspond to the normal blanking, produced at this sign of postal payment during the post-treatment, but can be made for collection purposes.

CAPE Verde ISLANDS [Cabo Verde] (in 1986 the new name, Cape Verde) — gosudarstvovo off the West coast of Africa. Until 1975 a Portuguese colony (1951 overseas province of Portugal). Independence proclaimed 05.07.1975. Until 1986, the official name of the country Cape Verde. First stamps — colonial type, issued in 1877, the first memorial in 1939, an airmail — 1938; postage due stamps 1904, post-tax and in 1925, the newspaper marks, in 1893. The Declaration of independence marked by the release of a commemorative stamp. In 1976, issued the first block, in 1980 series and the block in honor of the Moscow Olympics.

Postage stamps of the Cape Verde Islands

CARPATSKY EDITION [Dorpat, Livonia province, now the city of Tartu, Estonia] — the local production of postage — stamps and postal stationery in the city of Dorpat (Dorpat) in March 1918 during the German occupation, overprint of new face value in the German currency on stamps of pre-revolutionary Russia, the post card of the Provisional government of Russia.

Postage stamp Derptskogo release

CHANGE EDITION — feature philatelic postage: changes in details of design, cliché, paper (its varieties), a watermark (of the existence of the figure or the direction) of zubtsovki or perforation (size and type), glue (grades or colors), themes (color, way, direction, or angle, of its individual elements), printing method, color and composition of colors. See The Variety.

CITY MAIL — local mail, peresylali and delivering the correspondence within the city. First is the Paris City mail (Small mail), founded by Renoir de Wilaya, and to operate from 1653 to about 1660. Also known private Urban mail in London (penny-post, founded by Robert Murray and William Docwra 25.03.1680), in Vienna (kolotuhina or ratchet, mail 1772-83 years); in Berlin (Hiking mail 1800-06 years) and others. In Russia, the first City mail began working in St. Petersburg 17.01.1833. The letters were collected in 42 stalls on crowded intersections. The city was divided into 17 districts; each 2 the postman three times a day taken in the shops letter and money for shipping and deliver them to the office of City mail at the post office. In Moscow City mail opened 01.01.1845; there were 23 districts, letters were taken in 111 shops and bakeries, were sorted at the post office and 5 outlets. With the advent of stamp envelopes, and soon the mailboxes need to collect letters in the shops anymore.

Sign of payment on the envelope by the St. Petersburg city post (Russia)

URBAN MESSENGERS:
1. Postmen some urban private mails. So, in the years 1800-06 first town (walking) mail in Berlin had 13 Urban messengers, each of which repeatedly went around the day your district, alerting them to the movement by ringing the bell. Cm. also City mail, Small mail.
2. Hiking and horseback messengers merchant guilds and craft guilds in many cities of Europe, 14th-16th centuries to deliver to other cities mail their guilds and workshops. Gradually the right to use the service was extended to other segments of the population, but high cost made it difficult to access services.

CIVIL AVIATION — the name of philatelic series of stamps of the USSR, 1934 "For the 10th anniversary of Civil aviation of the USSR and the Soviet airmail" (No. 444-453). In the drawings the stamps — plane ANT-9 on various parts of the country.

"Civil aviation"

CLAY's LETTER — the form of the ancient letter, widely circulated gosudarstvah of Mesopotamia (Mesopotamia) about 3 thousand years before our era, Thousands of Clay letters found in the late 19th century during excavations in Nineveh (Assyria) and Nippur (Shimer). The letters were written in cuneiform on wet clay tablets. For this purpose we used a triangular stick with a sharpened end. The plate was dried in the sun or burned and then, as a rule, to preserve the secrecy of correspondence were placed in clay "envelopes". They indicated recipient. To read the letter, the envelope was broken.

CLEARING FALSE — falsification stamp (impression) at the expense of collectors. Stamps can be redeemed fake stamp, this stamp with that transfer date, a real stamp, but not the former in use in this period, and so on.

CLOSED LETTER of the inscription on the envelope and antitheft, used in the USSR for sending a written message in a closed form.